The Impact of Modern Rice Varieties on Livelihoods in Bangladesh

The Impact of Modern Rice Varieties on Livelihoods in Bangladesh

Hossain et al 2003

Between 1987 and 2001, research based on a sample survey of 1,245 households was undertaken by the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies and IRRI on the impact of Modern Varieties (MVs) of rice on livelihoods in Bangladesh. Results showed that the adoption of MVs had significant positive impacts on crop yields and farm incomes for households with access to land. However, as rice farming accounted for only 20 per cent of total household incomes in 2001, the overall impact on incomes was relatively small. Although the profitability of rice is declining due to falling prices, higher input costs and reduced farm sizes, the crop nevertheless contributes greatly to food security and acts as an entry point to off-farm employment.