Natural Resource Management
Natural resource management research aims to generate outputs that help maintain or improve the natural resource base for agriculture and/or mitigate the negative environmental side-effects of agricultural production.
In those cases where the benefits from natural resource management research are in terms of maintained or improved agricultural productivity, we expect to see farmers adopt particular NRM outputs. These outputs may be embodied in technologies such as a new form of mechanised seeder or drill, or disembodied in the form of a bundle of management recommendations.
There are also cases where there is a trade-off between agricultural productivity and the conservation of natural resources that society values. In these instances, the incentives for farmers to adopt or not adopt are not clear. In these instances, the research outputs are targeted more at influences on policy or the creation of new institutions that can better facilitate a socially desirable outcome.
Impact pathways: Natural Resource Management research
1) Via adoption of specific outputs by farmers
New technique / technology for managing on-farm natural resources
Adoption of the new technique / technology by farmers
Direct (to adopters) and indirect (to non-adopters, labourers and consumers)
Positive and negative
Economic, social and/or environmental
2) Via institutional innovation or policy-influence
Direct engagement with policy-makers through dialogue, scientific presentations, briefings
Technical support in creating new institutions for managing natural resources
Influence on policy decision-making
New institutions created
Policy changes implemented
New institution successfully contributes to improved management of natural resources
Benefits and costs to the population affected by policy change